Free Download Latest Books on Technical Textile, Fiber, Spinning, Fabric, Weaving, Knitting, Garments, Fashion, Design, Dyeing, Printing and Finishing

Textile is the ancient branch of engineering. Now textile engineering study is becoming more demand-able then before. Because textiles have not only used for wearing but also hugely used in different sectors like as technical textile. Many research works are being done on textile. But doing research anything it needs huge information. Books have not alternative of information. But price of every book is out of range such like us third world country’s people. For fulfillment the demand of information I will give a list of textile books. All books I have collected from my friends and fans who are studying in different famous universities around the world. I think these books will be helpful for students, researchers, businessmen, entrepreneurs as well as all people who are interested to know about textile. 


Warning: If you want to get any book from the following list then you must have to publish Article or Assignment or Project work in this blog for promoting purpose. Without these please don't send email.


Books on Technical Textile/Updated Textile

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Textiles for Protection
  2. Advanced Textiles for Wound Care
  3. Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
  4. Advances in military textiles and personal equipment
  5. Advances in Textile Biotechnology
  6. Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles
  7. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  8. Biologically Inspired Textiles
  9. Biomechanical Engineering of Textiles & Clothing
  10. Clothing Biosensory Engineering
  11. Coated & Laminated Textiles
  12. Ecotextiles The Way Forward for Sustainable Development in Textiles
  13. Engineering Textiles - Intergrating The Design and Manufacture of Textile Products
  14. Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
  15. Friction in Textile Materials
  16. Functional Textiles for Improved Performance
  17. Hand book of medical textile
  18. Handbook of Geosynthetics
  19. Handbook of nonwovens
  20. Handbook of Sustainable Textile Production
  21. Handbook of Technical Textile
  22. Intelligent Textiles & Clothing
  23. Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection
  24. Intelligent Textiles for Personal Protection & Safety
  25. Interior Textiles - Design and Developments
  26. Military Textiles
  27. Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour
  28. Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles
  29. Performance of Home Textiles
  30. Plasma technologies for textiles
  31. Recycling in Textiles
  32. Recycling textile and plastic waste
  33. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  34. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  35. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  36. Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates
  37. Smart Textiles for Medicine & Healthcare - Materials, Systems & Applications
  38. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  39. Surface modification of textiles
  40. Sustainable Textiles - Life Cycle and Environmental Impact
  41. Textile Advances in The Automotive Industry
  42. Textile Processing with Enzymes
  43. Textiles for Cold Weather Apparel
  44. Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control
  45. Textiles in Automotive Engineering
  46. Textiles in Sport
  47. Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings
  48. Training and development of technical staff in the textile industry
  49. Wearable Electronics & Photonics
  50. Weaving of 3D fabrics A critical appreciation of the developments
  51. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  52. Textile Reference Book of Nonwovens
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Coating Substrates and Textiles
  2. Geotextiles in transportation applications
  3. Biofunctional Textiles and the Skin
  4. Coated Textiles Principles and Applications
  5. Introduction to nanotechnology
  6. Advances in Construction Materials
  7. Coated Textile
  8. Engineering Use of GeoTextile
  9. Nanocomposite Science and Technology
  10. Health aspects of flame retardants in textile
  11. Technical Textile Class Notes
  12. Textile Composites and inflatable structures
  13. Adaptive and functional polymers, textiles and their applications
  14. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  15. Survey of technical textile

Books on Dyeing/Printing/Finishing

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 1
  2. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 2
  3. Basic Principles of Textile Coloration
  4. Fundamentals and Practices in Colouration of Textiles
  5. Total Colour Management in Textiles
  6. Recent Advances in Environmentally Compatible Polymers
  7. Environmental aspects of textile dyeing
  8. Colour Measurement - Principles, Advances and Industrial Applications
  9. Environmental Aspects of Textile Dyeing
  10. Environmental Impact of Textiles
  11. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  12. Chemical Finishing of Textiles
  13. Digital Printing of Textiles
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  2. Functional Dyes
  3. Batchwise dyeing of cellolosic fabrics
  4. Blends dyeing
  5. Cellulosic dyeing
  6. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  7. Color in dye house effluent
  8. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (1)
  9. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (2)
  10. Color for textiles
  11. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibers
  12. Dyes & Pigments
  13. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  14. Industrial Dyes
  15. Practical Dyeing Volume 1
  16. Practical Dyeing Volume 3
  17. Singeing fundamentals
  18. Textiles Dyeing and Printing-I
  19. Textile Dyeing and Printing-II
  20. The Chemistry of Dyeing
  21. Water recycling
  22. Wool dyeing
  23. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  24. Colour-Chemistry
  25. Encyclopedia Of Textile Finishing
  26. Reference book of Finishing
  27. Textile Finishing Chemicals
  28. Textile finishing
  29. Textile printing

Books on Fiber

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. High-performance fibres
  2. New Millennium Fibres
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Identification of Textile Fibers
  5. Physical Properties of Textile Fibres (4th Edition)
  6. Cotton Science and technology
  7. Physical properties of textile fibres
  8. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  9. Advances In Polymer Science 178 - Polymeric & Inorganic Fibers
  10. Advances in Wool technology
  11. Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles
  12. Bast and other plant fibres
  13. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  14. Fatigue Failure of Textile Fibres
  15. Handbook of Fibre Rope Technology
  16. Handbook of natural fibres volume1
  17. Handbook of natural fibres volume2
  18. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  19. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 1
  20. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 2
  21. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  22. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  23. Polyesters & Polyamides
  24. Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
  25. Silk, mohair, cashmere and other luxury fibres
  26. Synthetic Fibres - Nylon, Polyester,
  27. Wool - Science & Technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres
  2. Fiber Dictionary
  3. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  4. Reference book for man made fibers

Books on Spinning

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in yarn spinning technology
  2. Handbook of Yarn Production
  3. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  4. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  5. Yarn Texturing Technology
  6. False twist textured yarns - Principles, processes and applications
  7. Fancy yarns
  8. High speed spinning of polyester and its blends with viscose
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Cotton Spinning Calculation and Yarn Cost
  2. Fundamentals-of-spun-yarn-technology
  3. Reference book for spinning
  4. Textile calculation
  5. Yarn count & Calculation

Books on Fabric/Design/Weaving/Knitting

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Design & Manufacture of Textile Composites
  2. Advances in Carpet Manufacture
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Effect of Mechanical & Physical Properties on Fabric Hand
  5. Fundamentals of designing for textiles and other end uses
  6. Sizing in Clothing
  7. Structure & Mechanics of Woven Fabrics
  8. Woven Textile Structure - Theory and Applications
  9. Knitting Technology
  10. Advances in Knitting Technology
  11. Fundamentals and advances in knitting technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Nonwoven-Fabrics
  2. Handbook of Weaving
  3. Mastering Weave Structures
  4. Reference books of weaving
  5. Textile Sizing
  6. A Handbook of Weaves
  7. Fabric Structure Design
  8. Handbook of textile design
  9. Basics Fashion Design - Sourcing Ideas
  10. Basics Fashion Design - Textiles and Fashion
  11. Textile - Reference Book for Knitting

Books on Garments/Merchandising/Fashion

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in Apparel Production
  2. Industrial engineering in apparel production
  3. Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel
  4. New product development in textiles
  5. Quality Characterization of Apparel
  6. Engineering Apparel Fabrics and Garments
  7. Humidification and Ventilation Management in Textile Industry
  8. Management of Technology Systems in Garment Industry
  9. Science in Clothing Comfort
  10. Sizing in Clothing
  11. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  12. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  13. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  14. Statistics for textile and apparel management
  15. The global textile and clothing industry
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Understanding textile for a merchandiser
  2. Career in Textile and Fashion Designing
  3. Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion
  4. Beginning garment making
  5. Embroidering Identities- A Century of Palestinian Clothing
  6. Fashionable Technology
  7. Sewing machine classroom
  8. The Apparel Industry
  9. Yarn and cloth making

Books on Textile Testing
  1. Fabric Testing
  2. Identification of Textile Fibers
  3. Physical Testing of Textiles
  4. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  5. Chemical Testing of Textiles
  6. Effective Implementation of Quality Management Systems

Books on Textile Chemistry
  1. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  2. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  3. Advances in Polymer Science
  4. Chemical_Technology_of_Textile_Fibres
  5. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  6. Chemistry of the Textile Industry
  7. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  8. The_Chemistry_of_Dyeing
  9. Textile & Paper Chemistry & Technology
  10. Colour-Chemistry

Other Books
  1. Textile Engineering
  2. Textiles Technology
  3. Advance in Textile Engineering
  4. Basic Textile Technology
  5. C programme
  6. KOTLER - Marketing Management, Millennium Edition
  7. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  8. Textiles Industry
  9. The italian textile machinery industry
Without of these books I have also many old books and huge collection of research papers, reports, presentations, assignments, project works. All things only for textile learners.

How to get Books?
For students, lecturers, professors who write good article there is a bonus. Please contact the editor.


Contact Details:
Mazharul Islam Kiron
Cell: +88 01724 752452
E-mail: textilelearners@gmail.com
Dhaka, Bangladesh








Current Scenario of the Indian Weaving Industry

Current Scenario of the Indian Weaving Industry

R.S. Balakumar
M.A.(SOCIOLOGY ), M.L.M.(Labour Management), Pursuing MBA (EXECUTIVE) in (FASHION-TECH), MISTE.,
Chennai, India
Cell: +91-9283182955
Email: rsbalakumar1953@gmail.com




Indian Weaving Industry has traditionally been one of the most surviving sectors of mass employment. As a matter of fact, after agriculture, the Weaving Industry is largest provider of work force. There is a huge quantity of availability of the raw materials; the continuous supply of economically affordable labour force is the contributing factors behind the success of the present weaving industry of India.

However, the liberalization of the international trade along with change in the reforms of indigenous economy, have affected negatively to Indian Weaving Industry.

Handloom weavers who make mostly traditional fabric such as saris, dhotis, bed sheets and shawls have been hit the tedious and render to the weaving production. Out of the 38 million people employed in the weaving industry 12.4 million, or close to 33%, are concentrated in this declining part of the sector. The majority of them are traditional caste and very poor as well as economically weaker section, working along with their family members joined together in joint family units. Most of the women of all age groups are dedicatedly doing this weaving as their profession for their lively wood.
Indian Weaving Industry
The Banaras silk saris made in Varanasi are very much famous for centuries for their luxurious and traditional look. These are still a must have for all Indian weddings. More than 600,000 weavers live in Varanasi and nearby districts, weaving mainly for the indigenous market. During 1990's, the silk handloom weavers who make the Banaras saris have seen their fortunes vanish. Trade liberalization is been the driving force of economic globalization, pursued relentlessly by rich nations and international financial institutions at the expense of the poor of the world.

Brocade weaving, especially with gold and silver, has been an age-old tradition in India. There are two broad classes of brocades. Brocades of pure silk or silk and cotton blends and zari brocades with gold and silver threads. The most important material in brocade weaving is silk. It facilitates lovely weaves, is durable, strong, fine and smooth. There are several varieties of raw silk of which the chief ones used for brocades are Tanduri, Banaka and Mukta. Tanduri is imported from Malda and other places in Bengal. Banaka is thinner and finer variety and is mostly used to weave soft fabrics such as turbans and handkerchiefs. Mukta is a coarse and durable silk used for kimkhabs, a fine silk would not with stand heavy gold patterns.

Size of the weaving industry
Over 38,00,000 Indian Weaving industries have been built throughout the Indian country and more than 15, 00,000 domestic weaving industries have been set up in the states of North and Eastern parts of India. In the southern states a huge share of weaving industries, like in Andhra Pradesh houses some 3, 20,000 weaving industries

Top leading weaving companies in India
  1. Jai India Weaving Mills Private Limited: Dealing with manufacturing and exporting of weaving products.
  2. Vardhaman Spinning: Manufacturer and exporter of weaving products.
  3. Arvind Mills: Manufactures and trades weaving products.
  4. Advance Syntex Pvt. Ltd.: Manufacturer of weaving products.
Employment opportunities
It has been found out that the weaving industry of India provides employment to approximately 12.5 million people, thereby, making weaving industry the largest provider of rural work force. It is preceded by the agriculture sector.

Recent developments
  • It is estimated that the Indian Weaving Industry would grow by 25% to over 35 million tons by the year 2010
  • The Indian weaving industry will maintain its growth throughout 2010.
  • Apparel being the mostly used woven products is expected to expand its market in the international arena as well. 
  • According to the silk weaving industry a combination of the abolition of quantitative restrictions, declining tariffs on textile imports, and events.
  • Cheap imports of silk, especially from China, which is posing tough competition to the Indian silk-weaving industry at present.
Indian scenario in present time
Though weaving is one of the important sector for Indian textile industry, it has not been given due importance like spinning sector. Moreover structure of the industry plays a vital role in making it competitive. Nature of this sector is mainly unorganized. The weaving sector consists of fragmented, small and often, un-registered units that invest low amount in technology and practices especially in the power loom, processing, handloom and knits.

India has world’s largest installed base for looms. There are approximately 5mn looms in the country. India has 1.8mn shuttle looms which is 45 per cent of world capacity, and 3.90mn handlooms which is 85 per cent of world capacity.

The manufacturing of the weaving products makes a remarkable contribution to the national GDP and even in the exports revenue. As per studies, it has been found out that the weaving industry provides employment to approximately 12.5 million people, thereby, making this industry the largest provider of rural work force. It is preceded by the agriculture sector.

Over 38,00,000 weaving industries have been built throughout the country, and more than 15,00,000 domestic weaving industries have been set up in the North and Eastern parts of the country.

The southern States also have their wide share of weaving industries, for example, Andhra Pradesh houses some 3,20,000 weaving industries.

Most of these industries are situated in Chirala, Pedana, Polavaram, Mangalagiri, Pochamapali, Ponduru, Dharamvaram, Narayanpet, Puttapaka, Madhavaram, Emmiganur and Gadwal.

Along with these centers, the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh also have numerous centers for weaving.

Estimates over the years have found out that the weaving industry are supporting some 32 other sectors that include marketing, financial, transportation, hotels and even maintenance services.

The power loom sector produces more than 60 per cent of cloth and the Indian Textile Ministry’s estimation says that more than 60 per cent of the country’s cloth exports originated from that sector. With its employment of 4.86mn workers, the power loom sector comprised approximately 60 per cent of total textile industry employment.

As per the Textile Ministry of India up till March 31, 2006, the sector which produces various cloth products, including greige (unbleached)and processed fabrics consisted of 430,000 units with 1.94mn power looms. The Ministry projected the number of power looms to rise to 1.95mn in 2006-07. But modernization in looms is less and Indian industry still lags significantly behind the US, China, Europe, Taiwan, etc.)

Most of the looms we have currently in the country are shuttle less. There are less than 15,000 modern looms, whereas traditional looms are in large numbers. Value addition and the manufacturing of fabrics according to customer’s compliances, is not possible due to obsolete technology of looms.

Shuttle less weaving looms are up to three times more efficient than shuttle looms, but the penetration of modern shuttle less loom is very less. In 2001, there were some 27,000 shuttle less cotton looms in Indonesia, 21,000 in Thailand and 10,000 in India. In world share of shuttle less looms, India ranked 9th.

Future scenario
It is estimated that the weaving industry in India will grow by 28 per cent to over 37 million tons in due course. The industry will maintain its growth throughout 2015. Apparel being the mostly used woven products is expected to expand its market in the international arena as well.

You can also read:
  1. An Overview of Textile Industry in India
  2. South Indian Costumes for Men and Women
  3. HR Management in Indian Apparel Retail Sector
  4. Indian Textile Trade – Prevention of Unfair Competition
  5. Indian Fashion Industry: An Overview
  6. An Overview of the Readymade Garment Industry in India 
 

Quality Factors in Fabric Spreading

Quality Factors in Fabric Spreading
Rahat Khan
Dept. of Apparel Manufacturing
Atish Dipankar University of Science and Technology
Cell: +8801717781833
Email: rahat.info@gmail.com



Fabric Spreading:
Fabric spreading means the smooth laying out of the fabric in superimposed layers (plies) of specified length. It is preparatory process of cutting fabric. Fabric spreading is done after marker making. Fabric spreading is so much important part of a garments industry to cut the fabric and sewing properly and proper shape. Maintaining quality in fabric spreading is an important factor. In previous article, I have discussed about types of fabric lay in spreading.
Fabric spreading
Quality factors in spreading:
  • A vertical straight edge must be maintained.
  • The two ends of the finished spread must be kept vertical and maintained finished spread length; this is done by marking the table at each end of the spread (4 marks) and by cutting off each ply exactly to these marks. The length of the spread will be length of the marker, plus a small allowance called LAY END allowance, usually 1 inch (depending on the fabric).
  • All spreads should be made without either tension or slack. A tight spread is one in which plies have been stretched during the spreading process, whilst unrolling or transporting the plies from the opposite end the cloth has been subjected to tension and the plies are actually laid on the spread in a stretched condition. Such a spread will contract, either before the final ply is made, or whilst waiting to be cut, after spreading is completed. This will result in contraction of the cut components. As the contraction is likely to continue even after cutting a tight spread can be detected during spreading by inspecting the ends where it will be noticed at the spread is becoming shorter than the table marks. The ply ends will tend to shrink towards the centre of the spread.
Common problems in spreading:
  • A slack spread: Possesses excess length within the ends of the spread, it appears as billows and ridges on the surface of the spread. Cut components for a slack spread will be observed. Excess length can be measured by gently stroking the billows towards one end and on both ends of the spread. It will be found that some of the ply will have to be cut off in order to keep the ends vertical. Thus a slack spread is also a wasteful spread. 
  • Tight selvedge: A tight selvedge will billow in the centre of the spread, i.e. in the centre of the cloth width the tight end will be flat. To remedy the tight selvedge must be notched at frequent intervals, or if necessary cut off completely. 
  • Bowing: Bowing is the angular distortion of the weft yarns which creates stress in the fabric and variations in slackness and tightness in the spread. Such variations produce cut components which are both undersized and oversized. Tight selvedges and bowing often go together. Pieces with these defects should be rejected at inspection. 
 

Types of Fabric Lay in Spreading

Types of Fabric Lay in Spreading
Rahat Khan
Dept. of Apparel Manufacturing
Atish Dipankar University of Science and Technology
Cell: +8801717781833
Email: rahat.info@gmail.com




Fabric lay
Spreading means the smooth laying out of the fabric in superimposed layers of specified length and after spreading the shape of fabric plies is called fabric lay. During spreading the number of plies should not be more than three hundred.

Types of fabric lay:

1. According to construction:
  • Straight lay: In straight lay each ply of fabric is spread according to marker length, i.e. all plies can have the same length. In that case one marker is used. 
Straight lay
Straight lay
  • Stepped lay: Ply of fabric lay is not spread according to marker length, i.e. when the plies are laid up in different lengths- a step can be formed. Different types of marker are essential for different steps. Its use is very much less because of fabric wastages and lay making if difficult as well. 
Stepped lay
Stepped lay
 
Difference between straight and stepped lay is as follows:
Straight lay
Stepped lay
Each ply is spread according to marker length.
Ply of fabric lay is not spread according to marker length.
Mostly used
Rarely used
Fabric wastage is less.
Fabric wastage is more
Fabric spreading is simple.
Fabric spreading is difficult.
One marker is used.
Different types of marker are used.
 
2. According to the direction of spreading
  • One way spreading (Face to underside): This method is used for open fabrics. The face can lie towards the top or bottom, but always in the same direction. If spreading machines are used, one way laying-up necessitates idle motion because the machine always begins its run at the same end of the table and must return to this position after every laying operation. 
One way spreading
One way spreading
  • Laying-up in pairs (Face to face): This method is also used for open piece goods. The face side is always laid onto the previously spread face side so that- as in one way spreading- the machine returns running idle to the working position. The roll of fabric must be turned before the next piece is laid-up. When using spreading machines, these consequently require a device to turn the roll after the fabric has been cut off at the end. 
Laying-up in pairs
Laying-up in pairs
  • Lap (Continuous, Zigzag) lying: This method was also developed mainly for spreading open piece goods. Contrary to one way spreading and laying-up in pairs, the pieces are not cut off at the lay end but are clamped and then continuously laid in laps. This is the easiest and most popular way of spreading.
Lap (Continuous, Zigzag) lying
Lap (Continuous, Zigzag) lying
Two other symbols illustrated the laying up of folded and tubular piece goods.
folded and tubular piece goods
Folded and tubular piece goods