Free Download Latest Books on Technical Textile, Fiber, Spinning, Fabric, Weaving, Knitting, Garments, Fashion, Design, Dyeing, Printing and Finishing

Textile is the ancient branch of engineering. Now textile engineering study is becoming more demand-able then before. Because textiles have not only used for wearing but also hugely used in different sectors like as technical textile. Many research works are being done on textile. But doing research anything it needs huge information. Books have not alternative of information. But price of every book is out of range such like us third world country’s people. For fulfillment the demand of information I will give a list of textile books. All books I have collected from my friends and fans who are studying in different famous universities around the world. I think these books will be helpful for students, researchers, businessmen, entrepreneurs as well as all people who are interested to know about textile. 


Warning: If you want to get any book from the following list then you must have to publish Article or Assignment or Project work in this blog for promoting purpose. Without these please don't send email.


Books on Technical Textile/Updated Textile

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Textiles for Protection
  2. Advanced Textiles for Wound Care
  3. Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
  4. Advances in military textiles and personal equipment
  5. Advances in Textile Biotechnology
  6. Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles
  7. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  8. Biologically Inspired Textiles
  9. Biomechanical Engineering of Textiles & Clothing
  10. Clothing Biosensory Engineering
  11. Coated & Laminated Textiles
  12. Ecotextiles The Way Forward for Sustainable Development in Textiles
  13. Engineering Textiles - Intergrating The Design and Manufacture of Textile Products
  14. Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
  15. Friction in Textile Materials
  16. Functional Textiles for Improved Performance
  17. Hand book of medical textile
  18. Handbook of Geosynthetics
  19. Handbook of nonwovens
  20. Handbook of Sustainable Textile Production
  21. Handbook of Technical Textile
  22. Intelligent Textiles & Clothing
  23. Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection
  24. Intelligent Textiles for Personal Protection & Safety
  25. Interior Textiles - Design and Developments
  26. Military Textiles
  27. Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour
  28. Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles
  29. Performance of Home Textiles
  30. Plasma technologies for textiles
  31. Recycling in Textiles
  32. Recycling textile and plastic waste
  33. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  34. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  35. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  36. Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates
  37. Smart Textiles for Medicine & Healthcare - Materials, Systems & Applications
  38. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  39. Surface modification of textiles
  40. Sustainable Textiles - Life Cycle and Environmental Impact
  41. Textile Advances in The Automotive Industry
  42. Textile Processing with Enzymes
  43. Textiles for Cold Weather Apparel
  44. Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control
  45. Textiles in Automotive Engineering
  46. Textiles in Sport
  47. Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings
  48. Training and development of technical staff in the textile industry
  49. Wearable Electronics & Photonics
  50. Weaving of 3D fabrics A critical appreciation of the developments
  51. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  52. Textile Reference Book of Nonwovens
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Coating Substrates and Textiles
  2. Geotextiles in transportation applications
  3. Biofunctional Textiles and the Skin
  4. Coated Textiles Principles and Applications
  5. Introduction to nanotechnology
  6. Advances in Construction Materials
  7. Coated Textile
  8. Engineering Use of GeoTextile
  9. Nanocomposite Science and Technology
  10. Health aspects of flame retardants in textile
  11. Technical Textile Class Notes
  12. Textile Composites and inflatable structures
  13. Adaptive and functional polymers, textiles and their applications
  14. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  15. Survey of technical textile

Books on Dyeing/Printing/Finishing

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 1
  2. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 2
  3. Basic Principles of Textile Coloration
  4. Fundamentals and Practices in Colouration of Textiles
  5. Total Colour Management in Textiles
  6. Recent Advances in Environmentally Compatible Polymers
  7. Environmental aspects of textile dyeing
  8. Colour Measurement - Principles, Advances and Industrial Applications
  9. Environmental Aspects of Textile Dyeing
  10. Environmental Impact of Textiles
  11. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  12. Chemical Finishing of Textiles
  13. Digital Printing of Textiles
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  2. Functional Dyes
  3. Batchwise dyeing of cellolosic fabrics
  4. Blends dyeing
  5. Cellulosic dyeing
  6. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  7. Color in dye house effluent
  8. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (1)
  9. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (2)
  10. Color for textiles
  11. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibers
  12. Dyes & Pigments
  13. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  14. Industrial Dyes
  15. Practical Dyeing Volume 1
  16. Practical Dyeing Volume 3
  17. Singeing fundamentals
  18. Textiles Dyeing and Printing-I
  19. Textile Dyeing and Printing-II
  20. The Chemistry of Dyeing
  21. Water recycling
  22. Wool dyeing
  23. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  24. Colour-Chemistry
  25. Encyclopedia Of Textile Finishing
  26. Reference book of Finishing
  27. Textile Finishing Chemicals
  28. Textile finishing
  29. Textile printing

Books on Fiber

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. High-performance fibres
  2. New Millennium Fibres
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Identification of Textile Fibers
  5. Physical Properties of Textile Fibres (4th Edition)
  6. Cotton Science and technology
  7. Physical properties of textile fibres
  8. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  9. Advances In Polymer Science 178 - Polymeric & Inorganic Fibers
  10. Advances in Wool technology
  11. Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles
  12. Bast and other plant fibres
  13. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  14. Fatigue Failure of Textile Fibres
  15. Handbook of Fibre Rope Technology
  16. Handbook of natural fibres volume1
  17. Handbook of natural fibres volume2
  18. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  19. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 1
  20. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 2
  21. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  22. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  23. Polyesters & Polyamides
  24. Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
  25. Silk, mohair, cashmere and other luxury fibres
  26. Synthetic Fibres - Nylon, Polyester,
  27. Wool - Science & Technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres
  2. Fiber Dictionary
  3. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  4. Reference book for man made fibers

Books on Spinning

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in yarn spinning technology
  2. Handbook of Yarn Production
  3. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  4. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  5. Yarn Texturing Technology
  6. False twist textured yarns - Principles, processes and applications
  7. Fancy yarns
  8. High speed spinning of polyester and its blends with viscose
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Cotton Spinning Calculation and Yarn Cost
  2. Fundamentals-of-spun-yarn-technology
  3. Reference book for spinning
  4. Textile calculation
  5. Yarn count & Calculation

Books on Fabric/Design/Weaving/Knitting

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Design & Manufacture of Textile Composites
  2. Advances in Carpet Manufacture
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Effect of Mechanical & Physical Properties on Fabric Hand
  5. Fundamentals of designing for textiles and other end uses
  6. Sizing in Clothing
  7. Structure & Mechanics of Woven Fabrics
  8. Woven Textile Structure - Theory and Applications
  9. Knitting Technology
  10. Advances in Knitting Technology
  11. Fundamentals and advances in knitting technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Nonwoven-Fabrics
  2. Handbook of Weaving
  3. Mastering Weave Structures
  4. Reference books of weaving
  5. Textile Sizing
  6. A Handbook of Weaves
  7. Fabric Structure Design
  8. Handbook of textile design
  9. Basics Fashion Design - Sourcing Ideas
  10. Basics Fashion Design - Textiles and Fashion
  11. Textile - Reference Book for Knitting

Books on Garments/Merchandising/Fashion

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in Apparel Production
  2. Industrial engineering in apparel production
  3. Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel
  4. New product development in textiles
  5. Quality Characterization of Apparel
  6. Engineering Apparel Fabrics and Garments
  7. Humidification and Ventilation Management in Textile Industry
  8. Management of Technology Systems in Garment Industry
  9. Science in Clothing Comfort
  10. Sizing in Clothing
  11. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  12. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  13. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  14. Statistics for textile and apparel management
  15. The global textile and clothing industry
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Understanding textile for a merchandiser
  2. Career in Textile and Fashion Designing
  3. Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion
  4. Beginning garment making
  5. Embroidering Identities- A Century of Palestinian Clothing
  6. Fashionable Technology
  7. Sewing machine classroom
  8. The Apparel Industry
  9. Yarn and cloth making

Books on Textile Testing
  1. Fabric Testing
  2. Identification of Textile Fibers
  3. Physical Testing of Textiles
  4. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  5. Chemical Testing of Textiles
  6. Effective Implementation of Quality Management Systems

Books on Textile Chemistry
  1. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  2. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  3. Advances in Polymer Science
  4. Chemical_Technology_of_Textile_Fibres
  5. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  6. Chemistry of the Textile Industry
  7. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  8. The_Chemistry_of_Dyeing
  9. Textile & Paper Chemistry & Technology
  10. Colour-Chemistry

Other Books
  1. Textile Engineering
  2. Textiles Technology
  3. Advance in Textile Engineering
  4. Basic Textile Technology
  5. C programme
  6. KOTLER - Marketing Management, Millennium Edition
  7. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  8. Textiles Industry
  9. The italian textile machinery industry
Without of these books I have also many old books and huge collection of research papers, reports, presentations, assignments, project works. All things only for textile learners.

How to get Books?
For students, lecturers, professors who write good article there is a bonus. Please contact the editor.


Contact Details:
Mazharul Islam Kiron
Cell: +88 01724 752452
E-mail: textilelearners@gmail.com
Dhaka, Bangladesh








Fabric Turning Process | Features of Fabric Turning Machine

Fabric Turning Process | Features of Fabric Turning Machine
Rana Sohel
Executive Engineer
Sunman Textile Mills Ltd. Chittagong
Cell: +8801912-420118
Email: rsohel07tex@gmail.com



Turning
Normally turning is done for those fabrics which are not same in both face & back to protect the face side of fabric from any dust, spot, other color, machine corrosion or any visual or physical disturbance. The machine by which counting of rolls & face/back side of fabric is opened is called turner machine.
 fabric turner machine
 Fabric turner machine
Cross –sectional diagram of Turning m/c:
Cross –sectional diagram of Turning m/c
Different parts of turning m/c:
Different parts of turning m/c
Special feature of turning m/c:
  • Fabric turning face side to back side by cylinder.
  • Delivery per hours = 417 kg.
  • A large cylinder present
  • Two pipes for blowing air
  • An engine inside of the machine
  • Two rollers (for delivering the fabric) on the upper side of the machine.
  • 3 buttons two for start two pipes individually the other is for stop the machine.
The necessity of turning:
  • To remove some dirt from the fabric.
  • To count the number of rolls.
  • To make back side of appear on face side as required.
  • To make some identification on fabric.
  • To adjust all the rolls together with hand.
E.g. Some fabrics can be cut at the bottom side in fabric times and some are not (the fabric which are cut during turning is also cut after weight measurement at the top side of the fabric and also a card is supplied by the people who takes the weight of the fabric.
  • To make the back face side as required for a fabric.
  • To adjust all the rolls together with hand by knot for a nozzle.
  • They fulfill the turning row in process Route card and also fulfill the particular turning books. Then, it goes for sewing
 Fabric turning table:
Which fabrics are turning by m/c?

Which fabrics are not turning by m/c?
  • Single Lacoste.
  • Double Lacoste.
  • 1×1 Rib.
  • 2×2 Ribs.

  • Lycra single jersey (Turn over by hand).
  • CVC Fleece (Turn over by hand).
  • 1×1 Lycra Rib.
  • Collar and Cuffs.
Special Note: -“CVC fleece” fabric is turned over by hand because, due to pressure of machine padder, it may be stained on fabric, which can create more problems during dyeing and brushing.
-Lycra single jersey Turning two times.

 

Basic Procedure of Production Planning and Control in Textile Industry

Basic Procedure of Production Planning and Control in Textile Industry
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Apparel Manufacturing
Asst. Merchandiser at A.M.C.S Textile Ltd
Email: raju.uttara72@yahoo.com




Production Planning and Control:
A planned work brings success. Without planning nothing is completed within the required time. So planning has its own importance which is intolerable. "Planning" gives a scheduled task and 'control' completes it successfully. But production planning and control is not an easy task. Basic working procedure of production planning and control is given as follows –
  1. Taking orders from marketing division.
  2. Analyzing the orders.
  3. Planning for knitting the fabric.
  4. Planning for dyeing the fabric.
  5. Planning for finishing the fabric. 
Cycle of production planning
Cycle of production planning
It is only a basic procedure. It may change according to the type of order. Sometimes, order is places only for finishing the material or only for dyeing the white goods. Then some steps are omitted for planning procedure.

1. Taking orders from marketing division:
Marking division supplies fabric orders to the planning and control division by a special format.

2. Analyzing the orders:

This section analyzes the orders according to buyers, Order Quantity, type of orders (i.e. type of fabric, color to be dyed etc.), delivery date etc. Then it selects which M/C. to use, no of M/C. to use, time required for production etc. This section plans for required quantity of fabric to be knitted (Order quantity + 12% of Order Quantity), knitting balance, fabric need to be dyed. Dyeing balance, RFD (Ready for delivery), RFD balance, delivered fabric and delivery balance.

3. Planning for knitting:
This section plans for knitting production. It selects machine for knit the fabric for specific type of fabric, type of yarn used, required GSM, width etc. It also gives delivery data for knitted fabric. It also places orders for buying of yarn from spinning mills by a specific schedule.

4. Planning for dyeing the fabric:

Production planning for dyeing is called 'Batch Plan’. According to the batch no. And color, width, style and construction the batch plan is made. For easy understand this section gives some 'T.' cards. 'T' cards are serialized according to the priority of delivery. The batches and 'T' cards also serialized as to dye light shade at first and lastly the dark shades, since faulty shades can be converted to dark color later.

5. Planning for finishing the fabric
Finishing schedule is same us the dyeing. After dyeing the material goes to the finishing section with the batch plan. Finished data is written to the batch card and is informed to the planning section.

However, this section always enforces to all the departments to finish all the works within the delivery time given by the buyers. This section delivers materials by truck, micro, air etc to the customer within the meantime. Thus it plays a very important role in the success of the company.

Method to Control Fabric / Piece Goods Quality

Method to Control Fabric / Piece Goods Quality

Amarnath Sharma
MBA, NIFT-Bangalore, India
Email: sharmaamarnath1973@gmail.com



Smallest part of fabric is known as fiber. Yarn for textile is made through the fiber but textile can be made directly from the fiber without even converting it into the yarn. Felt is one of the examples of non woven material, directly made from the fiber. Textile can be made through man made material and material from nature. The world of textile is enormous and in this section we would discuss about the procedure and method of quality control of textile / fabric.

If we define the steps of fabric from birth till end use (life cycle) then it will be like following:
  1. Design thought : Conceptual development
  2. Development: Development of conceptual thought in reality as samples.
  3. Lab dip approval : First approval for the mass production
  4. Bulk start and approval: After the lab dip approval manufacturing of bulk lot fabric starts and initial lot should be approved.
  5. Bulk ready: fabric ready for the mass manufacturing of apparel.
  6. Bulk consumption: Apparel manufactured.
  7. End use: Final retailing of apparel
In a study done by GTZ approximately 5 % to 10 % fabric is dead stock due to unscientific calculation of shrinkage and rejection. Amounts appeared to be in million in a year and there is great potential lying to reduce it through proper handling, transportation, control system and inspection procedure.

INSPECTION PROCEDURE:
There are many systems for the quality audit of fabric / piece goods.

Most familiar system is 10 point system, Dallas system and 4 point system.

1. 10 point system: Method of point calculation

In this system points should not exceed the total yardage of fabric roll.

Suppose penalty point of a roll is 50 and total yardage is 50 than it is ok and will be considered as first quality. If, penalty points exceeds than the total yardage such as 50 penalty points out of 50 meter roll than it should be considered as second quality.
 
2. Dallas System: This system was introduced by “Dallas apparel manufacturing association” and it was only for knits manufacturing industry hence it is not the complete system which could be followed.
 
3. Four point system: This is the most familiar and widely accepted system. At least 10% peace goods (Fabric) should be inspected under this system. Selection of rolls should be of each color and randomly selected. Following is the method of point’s calculation in this system.

The size of defect decides the penalty points. In one linear yard the maximum of 4 points should be charged. In fabric only major defects should be taken into consideration such as hole, slub, contaminated yarn, missing yarns, needle line in knit fabric, miss print, color defect, color variations etc because these defects are prominently visible in ready garment. Minor defects which are repairable normally not considered defect in fabric such as soiled yarn, fly, knots etc

HOW TO INSPECT, ACCEPT AND REJECT YOUR FABRIC

Normally 40 points are acceptable in per 100 yards.

Example: 
  • Suppose one consignment has come of 3000 yards.
  • As per rule 10 % piece goods are inspected.
  • Out of 300 yards total penalty points 205 reported.

However one may analyze the individual roll wise rejection.

Example: Inspected 10 rolls. Found 3 rejected.

In this case 100% inspection would be required for separation of good and bad roll of fabric.

It is totally depend on factory management for the inspection % of goods. The main criteria is ultimate goods should be defect free.

Among all three, 4 point system is the most effective system.

Defect points calculation:

Some important points to be taken care of:
  • On purchase order factory may write many of the basic required quality points for supplier, which need to be followed. 
  • Suppliers own inspection report should be available before dispatch of fabric. 
  • While inspection, approved fabric must be there for the comparison with bulk lot.
  • Following should be checked while doing the fab.inspection: Color shade checking, Side to side salvage color, side to middle color, beginning and end fabric etc. Inspect on machine with appropriate light and speed to detect the defects. Weight, yarn count, Bowing, skewing, odour, softness of fabric, shrinkage of yarn and fabric etc.
  • Color wise defect identification and major defect should be with red sticker and thread should be knotted on the salvage for easily identifying the defects when representative come. 
  • Yard quantity, face and reverse side must be identified on sticker of roll. Colored sticker used for reject and ok fabric roll. Roll sticker should have at least following information: Roll number, Roll length, roll weight (if knits), dye/ print/ color shade lot, supplier name, fabric composition and description, cuttable width, defect points etc.
  • Writing record is required for quality inspection in simple and easy to understand format. Minimum 6 months past record required in audit as according to international norms.
  • All the fabric should be on pallets or properly placed in wracks with proper identification.
  • Classification of defect / sample identified on display board for better understanding. Such as satin should be specially inspected for yarn pull, crape for density of crape and required width, printed fabric for miss print etc
Data control required for the following:
1. Restricted chemicals: This is very important and emerging area of concern. Supplier of fabric, dying, printing etc must have awareness regarding these international norms.

2. Color shade control

2A. Color continuity record:
a. Continuity records required to control the color and shades. Small swatches from every fabric roll taken out and matched with approved shade in unwashed and after wash condition. Record must be kept with all the information on top of every swatch. Shade should be checked in full width
The entire swatch should be in same direction.
Color shade should be compare between swatches and especially on the edges.

b. From every roll at least 10 by 10 cm swatch should cut and see the continuity of color.
2B. Color evaluation method :
3. Technical data: 
  • Fabric information given by the supplier.
  • Based on the supplier information fabric performance test
  • Garment test
4. Inspection reports: Formats
Click on image for large size
In inspection fabric should tally / verify with approved swatch in all respect such as color, construction quality, hand feel, odours, roll length verification, cuttable width and weight etc.

EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED IN FABRIC DEPARTMENT AND THEIR MINIMUM REQUIRED SPECIFICATION.
  1. Fabric inspection machine: It should be motorized with variable speed control along with meter / yard counter and with minimum 1000 lux lighting.
  2. Light box: Installation of light box should be in dark room and it should have day light, uv light, TL83, TL84 etc for color shade matching with approved shade in different lights. Lights must be changed every year and maintenance records should reflect the change.
  3. Yarn counter. Small device with convex glass for counting the yarn for quality.
Other than above factory lab should have crock meter (to determine the dry and wet rubbing fastness), dimensional stability tester (washing machine), washing fastness tester, tearing strength tester, tensile strength tester etc machines to ensure the quality of piece goods.

Conclusion: 
This may be the basic guideline for the piece goods inspection and verification. One may go deeper into the procedure and try to control things in better way.